Saltaire Village, World Heritage Site




Colin Coates, historian
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Mill Workers' Biographies, S

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Sanctuary, George
1857 – 12 October 1932

George Sanctuary was the son of Thomas Sanctuary. Thomas was born 1831 in East Walton in Norfolk. Working as a labourer he married Elizabeth Atkinson 5 June 1854 at All Saints Bingley.

George, the second eldest of nine children, was born 1857 in Cullingworth. The family were living in Keighley in 1861 with Thomas working as a coachman and groom. By 1871 they were living at Rose Cottage, 12 Victoria Park in Shipley with Thomas working as a gardener and George as a factory operative.

George married Hannah Maria Broadley 26 December1876 at the Register Office in Bradford. By 1881 they were living at 46 George Street in Saltaire with George working as a spinning overlooker. From before1887 to 1896 they lived at 28 Albert Road (renumbered 55); they then moved to 68 George Street where they remained the rest of their lives. Gordon, son of George Sanctuary of 28 Albert Road, died 18 June 1887, aged 10 months.

They had nine children born in Saltaire, with the following seven surviving to adulthood: -

George Frederick (1878 - 11 March 1953)
Edith Alice (1880 - 11 January 1936)
William Thomas (b1882, served in WW1)
Rawson (1885 - 18 November 1949)
Clifford Ewart (13 February 1889 - 6 December 1960)
Annie Louise (30 August 1893 – 1980)
Jack (11 July 1903 – 1989)

Excerpt from a report from the Shipley Times 24 December 1926 as follows:

At the Saltaire Congregational School on Boxing Day, Mr. and Mrs. George Sanctuary, 68 George Street, Saltaire, will entertain about 100 relatives and friends in connection with their golden wedding anniversary. They have been the recipients of several handsome presents, and Mrs. Sanctuary has received a gold wristlet watch from the members of the family. Mr. Sanctuary, who has just retired from his position as spinning overlooker after 60 years and three months employment with the firm of Salt’s (Saltaire) Ltd., was on Tuesday evening given a gold watch by the manager and overlookers in the department, the manager (Mr. Orlando Denison) making the presentation. Several colleagues also bore testimony to the friendly relations that had existed between Mr. Sanctuary and themselves. The inscription on the watch is as follows “Presented to George Sanctuary by his colleagues as a token of esteem after 60 years’ service at Saltaire Mills. December 24, 1926”.

George died 12 October 1932 and was buried at Nab Wood Cemetery in Shipley. Hannah died 28 January 1940 and was buried alongside him.

Report from the Shipley Times 15 October 1932 as follows:

The death took place suddenly on Wednesday, of Mr. George Sanctuary, of 68 Georges Street, Saltaire, who was formerly employed at the Saltaire Mills for 60 years.
Mr. Sanctuary, who was aged 75, was a native of Keighley, but left there in 1866 to take employment at the Saltaire Mills, where he finally became a spinning overlooker. He retired in December 1926, a few days before he and Mrs. Sanctuary celebrated their golden wedding and was presented with an inscribed gold watch as a token of the esteem in which he was held by the manager and overlookers of the department.
Mr. Sanctuary was at one time the secretary of the famous Saltaire Prize Choir, and was during his term of office that, the choir won the £100 prize piano, which they afterwards presented for use at the Victoria Hall, Saltaire. He had also been a member the Saltaire Congregational Church choir.
In politics Mr. Sanctuary was a stalwart Liberal, and both he and Mrs. Sanctuary took a prominent part In local affairs at the time when the Shipley Division was represented by the late Mr. Percy Illingworth. Mrs. Sanctuary was one of the founders of the Shipley Women’s Liberal Association.

Scholefield, Albert
22 December 1881 – 23 July 1897
(Name also recorded as Albert Schofield)  

Albert Scholefield was the son of Charles Scholefield. Charles was born c1857 in Bradford. He married Ruth Horsfall 10 June 1878 at Bradford Cathedral.

Albert, the middle child of three, was born 22 December 1881 in Bradford. He was baptised 28 May 1882 at St Philip’s Girlington, Bradford. In 1891 they were living in Manningham with Charles working as an overlooker.

Albert died 23 July 1897. Report in the Shipley Times Saturday 31 July 1897 as follows:


On Friday evening a fatal accident of a distressing character occurred at Saltaire, whereby a youth named Albert Schofield, 15 yean of age, who resided with his parents at 26 Jane Street, Saltaire lost his life.
It appears that after finishing his day’s work, Schofield, who a jobber at the Saltaire Mill, in company with a companion named Arthur Wigglesworth, proceeded down the canal in the direction of Shipley, for the purpose of bathing. On returning towards home, the lads, with the intention of taking a short cut, ascended the wall which runs between the gasworks and the canal and from thence proceeded to climb on to the canal bridge. Wigglesworth went first and alighted safely in Victoria Road, but Schofield was less fortunate, and his foot slipping he fell into the towing-path.
He was picked up in an unconscious condition and removed to Sir Titus Salt’s Hospital, where he died shortly before eleven o'clock the same evening.


On Tuesday morning an inquest upon the body of the unfortunate youth was held at Sir Titus Salt’s Hospital, before Mr Mill (deputy coroner for the district) and a jury of which Mr Wilcock Denby was chosen foreman.
Charles Schofield, managing overlooker in the spinning department at tbs Saltaire Mills, was the first witness. He stated that the deceased, who was 15 years of age, was his son, and worked as a jobber at Saltaire Mill. He had always had good health. Arthur Wigglesworth, a lad living at 38 Dove Street. Saltaire, said he was a millhand employed by the Saltaire Firm. On Friday night he and the deceased left the mill together and proceeded along the canal tide in the direction of Shipley to have a bathe. As they returned, they walked along a wall which runs between the gashouse and the canal, when deceased fell off the wall on to the towing-path whilst he was trying to climb on the canal bridge in order that he might get into Victoria Road. Witness stated that deceased's foot appeared to slip just as he was in the act of climbing up from the wall, and he fell a distance of about four yards, being rendered unconscious, Witness was then on the other side the bridge.
A Juror: Hadn't you previously gone the same way? Yes.
The Coroner: There was no “malaking” or anything of that kind?  No.
You were not near him when he fell? I had got over.
Mary Carroll, nurse at the hospital, said deceased was brought to that institution at about quarter to seven o'clock on Friday night in an unconscious condition, suffering from a fracture of the base of the skull. He never regained consciousness and died at a quarter to eleven o’clock the same night.
The Coroner, having reviewed the evidence, verdict of "accidently killed by falling," was returned. It was also agreed that the coroner write to Sir Titus Salt, Bart, Sons & Co., Limited, asking them to so guard the place as to prevent people climbing over.

Scholefield, Charles
c1857 – 1919
(Name also recorded as Charles Schofield)  

Charles Scholefield was the son of James Scholefield. Charles was born c1857 in Bradford. He married Ruth Horsfall 10 June 1878 at Bradford Cathedral. They had three children. In 1891 they were living in Manningham with Charles working as an overlooker. In July 1897 they were living at 26 Jane Street in Saltaire when Charles gave evidence at an inquiry into the death of his son, Albert Scholefield.

By 1901 Charles, an overlooker then a manager at Saltaire Mills, was living with his family at 26 Albert Road (renumbered 51) in Saltaire, where Charles would spend the rest of his life.

Report from Shipley Times 8 September 1900 as follows:

Charles Schofield, overlooker, Saltaire, was fined 1s. and costs for allowing his dog to run at large without either muzzle or name-collar on 24 August.

Charles died in 1919; his widow, Ruth, died in 1927.

Shackleton, Sam - WW1 Roll of Honour

Sharpe, Walter Edwin - WW1 Roll of Honour

Simpson, Arthur - WW1 Roll of Honour

Slinger, Harold - WW2 Roll of Honour

Smith, Harold WW1 Roll of Honour

Smith, Maud Hodgson nee Wilson
21 June 1895 – 24 December 1955

Maud Hodgson Wilson was born 21 June 1895 in Baildon. In 1911 she was a spinner and a boarder at 7 Hanson Street in Shipley. She remained there until she married George Smith in 1926. They lived all their married life at 1 Higher School Street in Saltaire.

Maud worked at Saltaire Mills. In 1939 she was a cap twister. Maud retired from work in 1955.  She died 24 December 1955 after being knocked down on a zebra crossing on Bingley Road.  

(Compiled with the help of Carolyn Jozefek, granddaughter of Maud & George, with many thanks.)

Spencer, Sam - WW1 Roll of Honour
Steel, Hartley
10 June 1889 – 1961

Hartley Steel was the son of Joseph Robinson Steel. Joseph was born c1843 in Enfield, Lancashire. He married Sarah Ann Whitaker 15 July 1883 at Holy Trinity Bingley.

Hartley, the middle child of three, was born 10 June 1889 in Bingley. The family lived in Bingley with Joseph employed as a worsted overlooker. Hartley married Lily Hobson 20 December 1923 at the Zion Chapel in Bingley. They had a son, Winston, born 15 October 1914. Working at Saltaire Mills, Hartley did not serve in WW1.

Extract from a report in the Shipley Times 17 May 1918 as follows: -

Sixty-eight cases from Sir Titus Salt, Bart., Sons and Co., Ltd., Saltaire, were disposed of last Friday night by the Shipley Tribunal. Coun. T. Hill, J.P., presiding.
Postponements to various dates were given to the following (including) Hartley Steel,29, married, Grade 2, weaving overlooker.

Extract from a report in the Shipley Times 20 June 1919 as follows: -

An examination of the employees of Sir Titus Salt, Bart., Sons, and Co., Ltd., Saltaire Mills, who recently attended a course of ambulance instruction at the Cafe, Saltaire, has resulted as follows: —Passed 2nd Examination (Voucher): —Hartley Steel.

By 1917 they were living at 10 Lockwood Street in Saltaire. They remained there until they emigrated to America in 1923. They departed from Liverpool, heading for Boston 7 April 1923 aboard SS Carmenia. They lived in Methuen, Massachusetts. Whilst there they had a daughter, Doreen, born 30 December 1924.

They returned to live in Bingley in 1932, arriving in Liverpool from Boston 29 May 1932 aboard SS Britannic. In 1939 they were living at 9 Gloucester Road in Bingley. Hartley died in 1961; Lily died in 1962.

Stenson, Edward - WW1 Roll of Honour
Storey, Wilton Saddler - Mill Worker
5 October 1889 – 30 March 1975

Wilton Saddler Storey was the son of Thomas Sadler Storey. Thomas was born c1857 in Northallerton. He married Sarah Ann Broadley 3 January 1880 at St John the Baptist in Halifax. In 1881 & 1891 they lived at Norwood Green in Halifax with Thomas working as a farm labourer.

Wilton, the second youngest of seven children, was born 5 October 1889 in Norwood Green, Halifax. The family moved to Shipley in 1893 living at 4 Jennings Street. From 1898 to 1906 they lived at 5 Amelia Street in Saltaire, then they moved to 49 George Street.

Thomas was a nursery gardener.Wilton, a weaving overlooker in Salts Mill, married Hannah May Emsley in 1914. They lived at 15 Salisbury Street in Shipley from 1918 to 1926; at 56 Pratt Lane from 1928 to 1934. From 1934 they lived at 8 Norwood Avenue.

Hannah died 2 October 1949 in Shipley. Widowed Wilton died 30 March 1975 at Willerby in North Humberside.

Sykes, James - WW1 Roll of Honour
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