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Mill Workers who lived in Saltaire
Researched by Colin Coates

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Ince, John
19 December 1862 – 18 May 1926

John Ince was the son of Christopher Ince. Christopher was born 3 July 1831 in Bradford. He married Mary Ann Rowe 12 May 1856 at Holy Trinity, Hull. In 1861 they were living at Drypool, Hull.

John, the fourth of ten children, was born 19 December 18962 in Drypool, Hull. In 1871 they were living at Southcoates, Hull. By 1881 the family were living at 18 Shirley Street in Saltaire with Christopher working as a hawker and John as an apprentice spinning overlooker at Saltaire Mills.

John married Hannah Elizabeth Caygill 27 December 1884 at Bradford Cathedral. After losing their first child at birth they had five children:

Maud 25 January 1888 – 12 October 1891
Christopher 15 November 1889 – 1967
Annie 2 January 1901 – 7 July 1986 (Annie was the only one of John's children with issue).
Henry 4 October 1902 – 17 April 1903
Hetty 1904 – 1994

In 1891 they were living at 31 Constance Street in Saltaire with John working as a spinning overlooker. In 1901 they were at 72 Victoria Road with John a worsted foreman spinner. By 1911 they were living at 36 Albert Road (renumbered 71) with John now a spinning manager. [See James Ince, cousin of John Ince.]

Report in the Shipley Times 5 September 1913 as follows:

Workpeople's Tribute to Mr. J. Ince.
Mr. John Ince, who on account of long-continued illness has had to resign his post as manager of the spinning department at Saltaire Mills, was on Monday evening the recipient of a presentation from the workpeople. The presentation took the form of a handsome 18ct. gold watch, bearing the inscription, “Presented to Mr. John Ince by his fellow-workers at Saltaire Mill.” The watch was supplied the well-known firm Messrs. Fattorini, Bradford.

It is forty-one years since Mr. Ince commenced his workaday life at Saltaire Mills. He was then quite a small boy—so small, in fact, that he had to stand on a buffet in order to reach work at the spinning frame. That he enjoyed the confidence of the management is shown by his promotion to the important post of manager of the spinning department, and the presentation already referred to is a sufficient indication of the pleasant relationship which has existed between himself and the other employees.

Mr. Ince has taken) an active part in the work of the Saltaire Wesleyan Church and has always been willing to lend helping hand in charitable and other movements for the common good. General regret was expressed amongst the workers at the mill when it became known that his illness, which began several months ago, had caused him to relinquish his post. Although he has for some time past been able to get out, the nature of his ailment prevents him working present, but it is gratifying know that he is making favourable progress. The presentation was made at Mr. Ince’s residence on Monday evening.

John’s wife, Hannah, died 6 December 1918. John married Christiana Pinkey, 19 June 1919, at Saltaire Wesleyan Church. They lived at 17 Leyburn Grove in Shipley; by 1921 they had moved to Saltaire House, Southgate, Hessle in East Yorkshire.

John died, 18 May 1926, at Hull Royal Infirmary. In his will he left £2332 11s 6d (worth c£140,000 in 2019) to his widow and two sons.

John Ince with wife Hannah, children, Hetty, Annie and Christopher
[Date unknown but must be around 1908.]

Christine Di Ciacca writes: This photo was taken in 1890. From left to right: my great grandfather, John Ince and seated next to him, my great grandmother, Hannah Elizabeth Caygill Ince; standing, Hannah's sister, Louisa Caygill Smith; seated, Hannah’s aunt, Hannah Lamb with baby Maud Ince; standing, Annie Caygill Tottle (Hannah's sister); seated, Mary Ellen Caygill Hughes (Hannah's sister); standing, Mary Ellen's husband, Edwin Hughes.
Two sisters remained in England & two sisters went to America where they worked for Salts in Ohio. 

Transcription: HESSLE Urban District Council Election
Monday April ? 1925
Image courtesy of Christine Di Ciacca (great granddaughter of John Ince).

Christine Di Ciacca writes: Below are images of the hymn book presented in 1914 to my Great Grandfather, John Ince, by the members of the Saltaire Weslyans young men's clan, signed by them all.

Click on image to magnify image below.

Click on image to magnify image below.

Image courtesy of Christine Di Ciacca (great granddaughter of John Ince).


Ingham, Alfred
1875 – 5 January 1903

Alfred Ingham, son of Tom Ingham, was born 1875 in Bradford.

Alfred was a blacksmith when he married Jessie Wright 24 September 1898 at Holy Trinity church in Bradford. They had two sons; George Albert born 1900 and Harry born 1902. In August 1902 Alfred was reported as having a finger caught in a machine at Saltaire Mills

Report from the Shipley Times 9 January 1903 as follows:

An inquest was held on Wednesday noon, at Sir Titus Salt’s Hospital, before Mr B. H. Hill (district coroner), to inquire into the circumstances attending the death of Alfred Ingham, of 5 Albert Terrace, Saltaire. who died from the result of terrible scalds which he received while following his employment on Monday at Saltaire Mills. Mr C. H. Briggs attended to watch the interests of Sir Titus Salt, Bart., Sons A Co., Ltd., and Mr W. H. Seal (inspector of factories), was also present.
The first witness called was Jessie Ingham, of Albert Terrace, who said that deceased was her husband, and he was 28 years of age. He was employed at Saltaire Mills as an assistant crabber.
Miss Mitchell, matron at Sir Titus Salt’s Hospital, said the deceased was admitted at half-past three on Monday. He was very badly scalded, but he was not in a state of collapse. He died shortly before nine o'clock the same evening.
The Coroner: On what part was he scalded? The Matron: I don’t think there was any part of the body which was not scalded. Continuing, witness said the scalds were of a second degree, the body being blistered. He was conscious up to the time of his death.
George Henry Hanson, 31 Ada Street, Saltaire, a cloth crabber, said the deceased worked along with him, under his orders. The process of crabbing was to get crimps and marks out of pieces, which had got in by boiling, dyeing, etc., and to also set the cloth. The cloth during the crabbing process passed through a rolling machine.
At about quarter three they took the particular piece in question from the machine and placed it on a cart to be taken to the tank, as it had to be boiled, and the piece would weigh between 80 and 85lbs. The tank where it was boiled was made of wood, and it stood about 37 inches above the level of the floor, while it was about 83 inches deep, and the water in the tank was heated means of a perforated pipe, from which steam issued into the water. The roller on which the cloth was fixed was lifted over the edge of the tank and placed on wood blocks about 17 inches from the top of the tank. To lift them into their place in the tank, two of them got hold at the ends of the roller and it was let down from each end of the tank.
By the Coroner: Wouldn’t it be an advantage to have ropes hung from the roof, so that you could get hold and steady yourselves? —No, we have to get hold of the roller with two hands as it is too heavy to manage with one.
Witness, continuing, said they had not to put their hands into the water when they lowered the cloth in, as it was run down below the level of the blocks, and when they had got the pieces in they filled it up with cold water set the steam to boil it. The piece had been safely lowered on to the blocks, and witness went to turn the cold water on, leaving the deceased leaning over the side straightening out some wrinkles on the cloth. The next thing witness beard was the deceased shouting “Oh George, help me.’ This was before witness had turned the water on at all. Ha quickly turned around and saw the deceased over the cistern. His left hand in the water, and his right band was about two feet away from the edge of the cistern, on the piece. Deceased then turned right over on to his back, and slipped right in. There would be about 13 inches water in the cistern at the time. The Coroner: Was he covered with water?
Witness: Yes sir, with floundering about he got covered first one aide and then the other.
Witness caught hold of his hand and immediately pulled him out.
In reply to further questions, witness said the temperature of the water was 185 degrees. He tested it about ten minutes after the accident.
The Coroner: Was the steam turned on when you tested? — No.
The Coroner: Then it would be hotter when the deceased was in than when you tested it? — I don’t know.
The Coroner: Have you ever known accident there before? — No,
The Coroner: Not even workpeople to get their hands in? — No.
Mr Seal; Deceased was short man, was he not? — Yes, about the same height me, sir.
Mr Seal: And in doing the same class of work have you ever had any tendency to fall forward? —Well, I have felt they were a bit heavy sometimes.
Mr Seal: Have you ever heard the deceased complain that he thought it risky or dangerous? — No, he has never complained about it.
Mr Seal: Was the floor in good condition? — Well, it was somewhat wet with the steam.
Mr Seal: Yes, but was it broken? — No, it was sound.
The Coroner: What was it made of? — It was a stone floor.
Mr Seal: As far as you know deceased was never subject to fit? — No, not that I know of.
The jury returned verdict of death from scalds, accidentally received whilst following his employment Messrs Salt’s Mill.
Mr C H Briggs stated that as secretary to the company he wished to express the great regret of the company at the accident which had occurred, and the sympathy which they had for the widow and children. He could not express how sorry they were that anything of that sort had happened, as they did all they could to protect their workpeople.
The Coroner: I think that the reputation of the firm in the past is very well known as to looking after the wishes of the workpeople and their safety.
Mr Briggs: Thank you, sir.
Mr Seal said that in conference with Mr Roberts, that gentleman, who was always ready take any necessary precautions, had assured him that in future the heat of the water in the tanks would not be allowed to get above 80 degrees in heat while they were putting in the pieces. Although this would entail longer time to get the water up to boiling point, he would rather guard against such sad calamities as the one which had just happened.

Widow Jessie married John William Halliday, a mechanic’s labourer in 1910. In 1911 they were living at 7 Amelia Street in Saltaire.

Ingham, Granville
4 November 1890 – 18 April 1941

 Granville Ingham was born, 4 November 1890, in Queensbury to Clara Ann Smith & Isaac Ingham. In 1911 they were living at 14 Virginia Street, Clayton, with both Granville and his father working as spinning overlookers.

Granville married Mary Wilkinson, 20 October 1915, at St John’s, Clayton. She was born, 29 August 1892, in Clayton. They had at least two children. In the 1921 Census they were living at 11 Joseph Street, Shipley. Granville was a spinning overlooker at Saltaire Mills. In the 1939 Register they were living at Red Cottage, Baildon. Granville was accidently killed 18 April 1941.

Report in the Shipley Times 23 April: -

Granville Ingham aged 50, of Red Cottage, Baildon, has died (18 April) in Saltaire Hospital. He was admitted with a fractured skull, and it was understood he had been struck by a falling branch from a tree.

Ingle, Queenie, nee Barsby

Ingle, Queenie, nee Barsby - Mill Worker / WW2 Roll of Honour

Iredale, Arthur
30 June 1877 – 1961

Arthur Iredale was the son of Thomas Iredale. Thomas was born c1835 in Baildon. He married Elizabeth Jennings 21 March 1863 at Bradford Cathedral. In 1871 & 1881 they were living in Baildon with Thomas working as a wheelwright then as a stone mason.

Arthur, the youngest of three children, was born 30 June 1877 in Baildon. Thomas died in 1888. In 1891 & 1901 Arthur was a doffer then a yarn scourer living with his widowed mother at 28 Caroline Street in Saltaire. She died in 1908.

Living at 28 Caroline Street, Arthur married Emma Tennant 26 January 1907 at St. Pauls. Shipley. Emma was born 2 July 1882 in Shipley. They lived all their lives at 7 Ada Street in Saltaire. Arthur did not serve in WW1.

Extract from a report in the Shipley Times 29 March 1918 as follows: -

The following recommendations of the Advisory Committee were confirmed Postponed to April 30th.—Thomas Priestley, single, 38, foreman in yarn warehouse (Sir Titus Salt, Bart., Sons and Co., Ltd.), Cl; Tom Willis, married, 24, weaving overlooker (Sir T. Salt), R.R.; R. E. Jackson, married, 35, foreman mason (Sir T. Salt), Bl; J. Iredale, single, 42, soap boiler (Sir T. Salt), Bl; H. H. Smith .single, 39, warehouseman (Sir T. Salt), B 2; W. H Metcalfe, single, 29, packer (Sir T Salt), C 2; A. Slingsby. married. 30, spinning overlooker (Sir T. Salt), A; J. Sikes, married. 57, assistant manager burling, etc. (Sir T. Salt), A: Thomas Petty, married, 38, grease extractor (Sir T. Salt), A; W. Smith, married, 40, combing overlooker (Sir T. Salt), A 2; Herbert Stubbs, married, 40, yarn scourer (Sir T. Salt), B 2; Arthur Iredale, married, 40, yarn scourer (Sir T Salt),.

His wife, Emma, died 7 January 1946. Arthur died in 1961. Arthur had a brother, Jowett, who also worked in the mill

Iredale, Jowett   
10 July 1875 – 5 November 1956

Jowett Iredale was the son of Thomas Iredale. Thomas was born c1835 in Baildon. He married Elizabeth Jennings 21 March 1863 at Bradford Cathedral. In 1871 & 1881 they were living in Baildon with Thomas working as a wheelwright then as a stone mason.

Jowett, the second of three children, was born 10 July 1875 in Baildon. He was baptised 25 March 1884 at St John’s Baildon. Thomas died in 1888. In 1891 Jowett was living with his widowed mother at 28 Caroline Street in Saltaire. She died in 1908. In 1911 Jowett was living with his sister and her family at 33 Ada Street. From around 1921 he was living with his sister’s family at 58 Titus Street, where he remained the rest of his life. In 1939 he was working as a wool comber.

Extract from a report in the Shipley Times 17 May 1918 as follows:

Sixty-eight cases from Sir Titus Salt, Bart., Sons and Co., Ltd., Saltaire, were disposed of last Friday night by the Shipley Tribunal. Coun. T. Hill, J.P., presiding.
Postponements to various dates were given to the following (including) Jowett Iredale, 42, single, 1, soap boiler, combing department.

The Shipley Times (12 March 1941) reported that Jowett had completed 50 years’ service at Saltaire Mill, and he had been presented with gifts and a framed certificate. Jowett, who never married, died 5 November 1956. He was buried in Nab Wood Cemetery, Shipley.

Jowett had a brother, Arthur, who also worked in the mill.

Ives, Annie (nee Free)
1 April 1903 – 1997

Annie Free was the daughter of Robert Free. Robert was born in 1873 in Cambridgeshire. He married Jane Anne Backhouse 1896 in Tadcaster.

Annie, the fourth of seven children, was born, 1 April 1903, in Biggin near Selby. By 1911 they had moved to Tadcaster; Robert was a farm labourer. In 1914 the family were living at 1 Shirley Street in Saltaire and by 1918 they had moved to 38 George Street.
In 1921 they were living at 15 Victoria Road, Saltaire, with Annie and the rest of her family working at Saltaire Mills. Annie was a weaver.

Annie married Lewis Ives in 1923. He was born, 18 June 1897. They had at least four children. By 1932 they were living at 37 Albert Avenue, Shipley. In the 1939 Register they were living at 1 West Royd Mount, Shipley, with Lewis working as a journeyman joiner.

Lewis died in 1995: Annie died in 1997.

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