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Image: The Illustrated London News
Mill Workers who lived in Saltaire
Researched by Colin Coates

Surnames beginning with:

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Kaye, Joseph
5 December 1836 – 1893

Joseph Kaye was the son of Christopher Kaye. Christopher was born c1799 in Leeds. He married Margaret (date of marriage and maiden name unknown).

Joseph, the second youngest of seven children was born 5 December 1836. He was baptised 22 February 1837 at St Andrew’s, Keighley. His mother, Margaret, died in 1847. In 1851 widower Christopher was living with his children in Keighley. He was a shoemaker and Joseph was a heald maker. Christopher died in 1852.

Joseph married Martha Wilby 26 September 1857 at Bradford Cathedral. They had at least seven children. In 1861 they were living in Bowling. By 1871 they were living at 4 Harold Place in Saltaire, where they remained the rest of their lives. In February 1873 Joseph was a reed and slay maker employed at Saltaire Mills when he was attacked by a woman named Hannah Mellor.

Joseph died in 1893; Martha died in 1902.


Keeling, Fred
27 October 1879 – 1947

Fred Keeling was born 27 October 1879 in Saltaire. He was the son of Mary Ann Keeling with father unknown. She was born c1862 in Wakefield. In 1881 they were living with her parents at 14 Ada Street, Saltaire.

Mary married William Jowett in 1883. Fred lived with his mother and step-father at 7 Queens Road, Shipley. In 1901 he was working as wine merchant’s cellarman.

Fred married Ellen Butcher, 30 July 1904, at St. Paul’s, Shipley. They had a son, Frank, born in 1906. In 1911 they were living at 27 Ferrands Road, Shipley, with Fred working as a wine merchant’s cellarman.

In April 1917 as tenterer at Saltaire Mills, Fred was placed on the substitution list by the Shipley Miliary Tribunal.

Extract from a report in the Shipley Times 14 September 1917 referring to a meeting of the Shipley Military Tribunal: -

Fred Keeling (38), A, married with one child, was working as piece dryer at Saltaire.
The Military Representative: This was a personal appeal, and Keeling was told to get work of national importance.
Keeling: I was not. I was told I would be put on the on the Substitution List and would hear from Mr. Lindow. I have a letter from the firm that I am working 12 hours a day regularly. I came straight from work to the Tribunal, and I have averaged 60 hours a week for the last two years.
Exemption confirmed to 31 December on the same conditions.

In June 1918 Fred was exempted from serving until 31 October. By 1918 they were living at 2 Victoria Terrace, Saltaire. From 1931 they were living at 23 Albert Terrace, Saltaire, where Fred died in May 1947. He was buried, 20 May, in Hirst Wood Cemetery, Shipley along with his mother and step-father.


Keighley, Charles

Keighley, Charles - Mill Worker / WW1 Roll of Honour


King, Esther (nee Llewellyn)
2 May 1915 – 2001

Esther Llewellyn was the daughter of James Llewellyn. James was born 26 March 1880 in Millom, Cumberland. He married Esther Steele 13 October 1901 at Holy Trinity church in Millom. James & Esther had seven children all born in Millom, who would all eventually work in Saltaire Mill.

John Charles (1902-1957) 3 Lapstone Road
Olive (1903-1970) 3 Lapstone Road
Frank (1905-1963) 20 Devonshire Road
James (1906-1984) 17 Lapstone Road
Amy (1907-1985) 17 Lapstone Road
Esther (1915-2001) 17 Lapstone Road
Dorothy (1917-1991) 17 Lapstone Road

In 1911 the family were living at 17 Lapstone Road in Millom, where James was an iron ore miner.

Esther, their sixth child, was born 12 December 1907 at 17 Lapstone Road.

Click to magnify

Image: The Llewellyn children

In 1919 Esther moved with her family to Saltaire. In 1919 she lived with her parents at 2 Edward Street, (originally 7 Bath Buildings). From 1920 they were at 26 George Street.

Esther attended the Central Girls’ School, Saltaire Road, Shipley.

In November 1928 she was awarded a free pass for one year to the Shipley Swimming Baths for passing an exam scoring 48 marks out of a possible 60. With her younger sister, Dorothy, Esther was a soloist in a Missionary Play produced by the members of the Shipley Methodist Churches in December 1933. Along with her siblings, Esther worked at Saltaire Mills and was a member of Saltaire Mills Gymnastic Club.

Esther married Ellis King (born 25 January 1915) at Saltaire Methodist Church 26 June 1937.

Report from the Shipley Times 3 July 1937: -

The marriage took place at the Saltaire Methodist Church, on Saturday of Mr Ellis King, only son of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew King, of 12 Rosebery Av, Carr Lane, Windhill, and Miss Esther Llewellyn, third daughter of Mrs. and the late Mr James Llewellyn, of 15 Titus Street, Saltaire.

Click to magnify

Image: Ellis King (right, who married Esther Llewellyn) with brother-in-law, Ronald Dickenson (who married Amy Llewellyn).

The bridegroom is a member of the Bingley Harriers, while the bride is a primary teacher at Saltaire Methodist Chapel.

The ceremony was conducted by the Rev. C.H. Pitt, and the bride, who was given away by her brother (Mr J.C. Llewellyn), wore a dress of heavy mauve satin in the tunic style, decorated with a spray of white roses, with a straw hat to match.

The bridesmaid, in purple silk marocain, was Miss Dorothy Llewellyn (sister of the bride).

Mr Ronnie Dickinson (friend) was best man, and the groomsman was Mr J. Frecke.

Esther & Ellis lived all their lives at 8 Titus Street, Saltaire. In the 1939 Register, Ellis was working as an engineer’s labourer. They had four children: Wendy born in 1938, Ian 1943, Sandra 1944, and Rita 1946. Ellis died in 2000; Esther in 2001.

Wendy lives with her husband, Don, at Skelton in Cleveland. Ian lives with his wife, Barbara, at Locust Valley, Long Island, New York, USA. Sandra lives with her husband, Paul, in East Barnet. Rita lives her husband, Chris, near Huddersfield.

(Compiled with the help of John Rolfe-Dickinson, a grandson son of James & Esther.)


King, Florence (nee Alderson)
23 July 1905 – 1980

Florence Alderson was born 23 July 1905 in Barnsley. She was the fourth child of Lucy Oates and Herbert Alderson. In 1911 Herbert was a coal miner living with his family in Barnsley.

Around 1920 they moved to 13 Constance Street in Saltaire. In the 1921 Census, Florence was a doffer working at Saltaire Mills, her father was a gateman for Scotts Motor Cycle Co., in Hirst Wood, Shipley.

Florence married Ernest King in 1929. He was born, 13 June 1904, in Shipley. They had no children. They lived at 7 Oxford Street, Shipley, until after 1960.

In the 1939 Register, Florence was a cone drawer, and Ernest a wool puller.

Florence died in 1980. Ernest died, 3 December 1989, at 14/6 Woodend Crescent, Windhill.  


Kirilo, Herin
c1908 –????

Herin Kirilo was born c1908 in Ukraine.

Report in the Shipley Times 10 March 1948: -

At the Bradford City Court on Thursday (4 March), Kirilo Herin, aged 40, a textile worker at Salts (Saltaire) Ltd., and giving an address at Richard Street. Bradford, appeared on a charge of felonious wounding.

Mr. G. Taylor, prosecuting, said that did not speak or understand a word of English. He appealed for a remand for one week in custody.

When Herin was told he would be granted legal aid, he said, through an interpreter, that he did not think it would matter.

The Stipendiary Magistrate (Dr. F.J.O. Coddington): The State will pay for the legal aid.

The accused then said he would accept legal aid and he was remanded in custody for one week.

Report in the Shipley Times 24 March 1948: -

“I admit did it. I did not know there was such law in this country. In the Ukraine such a deed is not criminal," said Kirilo Herin, aged 40, a European voluntary worker engaged in the wool textile industry at Saltaire Mills, when charged with feloniously wounding Dasha Scherbak.

At Bradford, on Wednesday (17 March), Herin was committed for trial.

Mr. G. Taylor, prosecuting, said that the accused is alleged to have attacked Scherbak, with whom he had been living, with a knife, cutting all the fingers and the thumb on the left hand.

When questioned about the matter Herin made a statement in which he said. "When we were together in Hamburg we agreed that whoever asked the other would agree to live together. We have not a marriage certificate but came to agreement to consider ourselves married. When we arrived in Bradford we lived in the same house. Dasha decided to throw me out because she found another man. I wrote for things back, but she would not let me have them."

Mr. Taylor said the woman met the accused while living with her husband in a camp in Germany.

E.W. Stevens, of 68 Maperton Road, said that early in the morning of 4 March he was at the bottom of Maperton Road when he saw the accused slash at the woman's face with a knife. Witness pulled him away, but Herin again attacked her, pulling back her head. Witness pushed him into the roadway, and Herin ran away.

Dasha Scherbak, of Maperton Road, Undercliffe, giving evidence, said her husband was living in Germany. She first met the accused twelve months ago in Germany. In December last she came to England to work in the wool textile industry. A few days after her arrival she again saw the accused.

On 4 March she was on her way to work when the accused met her at the junction of Maperton Road and Barkerend Road. She noticed a knife in his hand, and she screamed.

In reply to Mr. J. P. Knight (representing the accused), witness said that Herin imagined he was her husband.

Mr. Knight: It would appear Herin was jealous of you?

Witness: I have no other friends. I think he attacked me because I refused to live with him.

Detective Lockley said that at 8.45 p.m., on 4 March, he saw the accused at Saltaire Mills, and told him he was a police officer. He said that at 6.15 that morning Dasha Scherbak was attacked and cut the hand and face, and that he had reason to believe Herin was responsible for the injuries. The accused did not understand what he said, but pointed to his wrist and said, "Dasha Scherbak? Ja."

Witness searched him. and in his trouser pocket found a knife.

He took him to the Bradford Town Hall, and through an interpreter questioned him about feloniously wounding Scherbak, and he replied. “I did the job. I cut her wrist.”

When charged, he said, “I admit I have done it. I did not know there was such a law in this country. In the Ukraine such a deed is not criminal."

A letter written by the accused to Scherbak was translated and read in court. In the letter he said, "You write you are not happy, not sufficient bread and other products. I think you have been spending your money on all sorts of things therefore you have to be without any food. I know you have got clear eyes.”

The latter a Russian saying meaning “Everything you see you have to buy," Herin said he had nothing to say at this stage. His application for ball was refused.


Excerpt from Report in the Bradford Observer 28 April 1948: -

“It was a savage and brutal attack,” said Mr. Justice Atkinson, when at Leeds Assizes last night he imposed a sentence of 18 months’ imprisonment in Kirilo Herin, a 40 year old Ukrainian, living in Richard Street, Bradford, for an assault on Dasha Scherbak, a Ukrainian woman.


Klos, Stanislaw
c1907 – 1975

Stanislaw Klos married Stanislawa Koziol in 1948 in the Worth Valley district.

Report from the Shipley Times 11 June 1952 as follows:-

An accident at the Shipley works of Salts (Saltaire) Ltd. had a sequel when the firm was summoned for not having machinery securely fenced. Mr. J. R. Phillips, defending, entered a plea of “not guilty” on behalf of the firm, but later changed the plea to one of “guilty.”
Inspector of Factories, Miss N. Curry, said that a Polish operative sustained severe injuries while oiling gear wheels of a backwashing machine, used for washing wool. His right arm had to be amputated. There was no fencing provided for the gear wheels, but there was a wooden barrier enclosing an area around the transmission machinery. It was impossible to oil while outside the barrier, and the worker had to go inside the barrier.
Miss Curry said it was the duty of the Polish workman to look after 15 machines in the combing department. Included in his duties was that of oiling the machines twice a day.
On 1 April he went to a backwashing machine which was not in motion. He went inside the barrier to oil the gears, but the machine was set in motion, and the man's arm was injured, being caught in the spokes of the gears.
The injured man was Stanislaw Klos, aged 45, of  Union Street, Charlestown, Baildon.
Mr. Phillips said there was a substantial wooden guard for the machine, and it was. he suggested, a “proper and regular” guard. The machine had been in operation for about 30 years, and there had been no complaints from factory inspectors or anybody else. On the day in question Mr. Klos had seen that the machine was not in motion, and had gone to oil it. He assumed that the machine operator had seen him. and would not restart the machine. But the operator, who had been awav for new supplies, restarted the machine not knowing Mr. Klos was there.
Mr. Phillips suggested that the company had been let down by the men on the machine.
The firm had been pioneers in providing welfare services for employees.
The company was fined £5 with £2 4s costs.

Report in the Yorkshire Post 27 February 1954 as follows: -

Mr. Justice Donovan awarded damages of £2,686 to Stanislaw Klos, a Pole, of Union Stree, Charlestown, Baildcn, for the loss of his right arm after an accident while employed by the defendants. Salts (Saltaire) Ltd.
Mr. B. Withers Payne, for Klos. said he was employed as general handyman by the firm.. He was oiling a machine in  the combing department when, without warning, the operator started the machine and Klos’s right arm was caught. It had to be amputated later.
Before coming to this country Kios was deported from Poland to Russia and after spending a considerable time in concentration camps he fought for various armies in the Far East.
Klos had become progressively neurotic, and his previously cheerful character had completely changed.

Stanislaw died in Bradford in 1975. His wife Stanislawa died in Bradford in 1981.


Knott, Stanley Arthur
20 April 1913 – 5 December 1941

Stanley Arthur Knott was born, 20 April 1913, in Guiseley to Frank and Mary Knott. In 1921 they were living at 71 Otley Road, Guiseley. Frank was an out of work builder’s labourer.

Stanley married Ruby Irene Hibbert in 1937. She was born, 5 July 1916, in Wrexham, Wales. They had three children – Clive born, 1938; Julia born 1939; and Barbara born 1941. In 1939 they were living at 22 Burnwells, Bradford, with Stanley working as a weaver.

Stanley served in WW2 as a Private with the 4 th Battalion, Border Regiment. He was killed in action, 5 December 1941, in Tobruk, Libya. Stanley was buried in Tobruk War Cemetery.

Report in the Shipley Times 14 January 1942: -


Mrs R. Knott, Valley Street, Windhill, has learned that her husband, Private Stanley Arthur Knott (Border Regiment, has been killed in the Middle East.

He was a Guiseley man but lived in the Shipley district four years before joining up and was employed as a weaver at the Saltaire Mills.

Ruby died, 2 July 1994, in Idle.

[Note: Stanley Knott is not on the Saltaire WW2 Roll of Honour as he lived in Windhill.]


Kolosowkyj, Alexander
????  – ????

Report from Shipley Times 11 November 1953 as follows: -

An incident at Salts Mill, Saltaire, between two foreign workers had a sequel Bradford County Court on Tuesday. A Ukrainian, Alexander Kolosowkyj, of Picton Street, Bradford, alleging he was assaulted by workmate, Wasily Ruchtin, of Spring Gardens, Bradford, claimed £l00 damages from him, following injuries he had received. He was awarded £75 damages, plus £4 17s. 3d. for loss of wages.
 Judge Myles Archibald said it was a disgraceful and cowardly attack and dismissed the counter claim of Ruchtin for £l7 6s. for loss of wages following his dismissal from work.
Mr D S Forrestor-Paton, for Kolosowkyj, said the two men were in charge of three combing machines in the mill and they operated one and a half each. On July 24 one machine was under repair and the men should have operated one each but there was a disagreement and Ruchtin, it was alleged, hit Kolosowkyj on the face, knocking him to the ground, where he hit him with a can and kicked him.
As a result of his injuries Kolosowkyj was off work for a week and had since complained of headaches and had difficulty breathing through his nose. He was troubled with deafness for a week after the incident. Ruchtin was dismissed from his job.
Ruchtin. in evidence, claimed that Kolosowkyj used an offensive word and all he (Ruchtin) did was to push him. and he (Kolosowkyj) fell over. Ruchtin denied kicking or striking the other man.


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