Saltaire - the initial plan
These notes are extracted from the Word Heritage Committee Nomination Document, 2001. You can download this comprehensive document from this website.
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Photographs and images are additional and are credited.
Saltaire was built as a single, planned model industrial village between 1851and 1876. It was consistently constructed from natural materials - a warm coloured local sandstone and Welsh slate, generally in the Italianate style. The Mill was built before the houses, as it would take time for it to be fitted out and become operational. Immediately after its official opening in 1853,work began on the rest of the village and continued until 1876.
The concept was devised and realised by Titus Salt, who was a man of high ideals and advanced social consciousness, as well as a successful businessman. The plan of Saltaire and the design of its buildings were the responsibility of the architects, Henry Lockwood and William and Richard Mawson, who were experienced in civic and industrial design. Salt's engineer, William Fairbairn,was accepted as one of the finest engineers available.
Saltaire was built on a gridiron plan, with its roads named after Queen Victoria and her consort, Albert, after members of Salt’s family, and the architects, Lockwood and Mawson. The first phase of road construction saw the streets organised on a north-south orientation. The latter phase was constructed east-west, so that the external appearance of the village from the Bradford to Bingley road was enhanced. Almost all the grand public and community buildings were buil ton Victoria Road,which led to the Mill. Most of the housing was built in the west of the village.
|Saltaire's exact position
N53 50 21 W1 47 18
Saltaire's inscription as a World Heritage site
SITE NAME: Saltaire
DATE OF INSCRIPTION: 16th December 2001
DECISION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE:
"The Committee inscribed the Saltaire on the World Heritage List under criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): Saltaire is an outstanding and well preserved example of a mid 19th century industrial town, the layout of which was to exert a major influence on the development of the "garden city" movement.
Criterion (iv): The layout and architecture of Saltaire admirably reflect mid 19th century philanthropic paternalism, as well as the important role played by the textile industry in economic and social development."
UNESCO: "Saltaire, West Yorkshire, is a complete and well-preserved industrial village of the second half of the 19th century. Its textile mills, public buildings and workers' housing are built in a harmonious style of high architectural standards and the urban plan survives intact, giving a vivid impression of Victorian philanthropic paternalism."
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(GB & Northern Ireland)
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Gough and Inaccessible Islands (1995, 2004) 28
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Maritime Greenwich (1997)
Heart of Neolithic Orkney (1999)
Blaenavon Industrial Landscape (2000)
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda (2000)
Derwent Valley Mills (2001)
Dorset and East Devon Coast (2001)
New Lanark (2001)
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2003)
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City (2004)
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape (2006)
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal (2009)
See the list for the rest of the world >>
|World Heritage Nomination File
The Nomination File was prepared for Saltaire's bid to gain World Heritage status. It has great information about Saltaire's history and architecture as well as some nteresting images.
Download the Nomination File. (21.8 mb)
How many WH sites are there?
Currently, there are 962 World Heritage Sites approved by the World Heritage Committee as having outstanding universal value. These include 745 cultural sites (Saltaire is one of these), 188 natural sites and 29 mixed mixed site properties (info correct, February 2013).
Link to UNESCO World Heritage Sites
UNESCO list >
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UNESCO and Heritage
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